Costa Rica already existed. The natural beauty and wildlife diversity of Costa … Ticos & Ticas. For this reason, the dark blue represents the sky, id… Do you need help from a consulate in your home country? By the beginning of the 19th century, the cultivation of bananas brought in a lot of wealth and coffee soon followed. The most prominent indigenous tribes are the Bribris, the Borucas, the Cabecares, the Huetares, the Malekus and the Chorotegas. In 1522, the colonists named the land Costa Rica, meaning Rich Coast, in the hope that they were going to find gold in its hills. Walker and his army invaded the Guanacaste province at the now Santa Rosa National Park and the Costa Rican army expelled and followed them into Rivas, Nicaragua. Find out about some of the amazing history in Costa Rica. Costa Rica Pura Vida! The indigenous cultures fled to the Talamanca mountain ranges where they remain to this day. The young Juan Santamaria bravely volunteered to burn down the fort. The golden bands that the region's Carib Indians wore as earrings and nose rings inspired the crew to name the country Costa Rica, meaning Rich Coast. But some influences still remain and some tribes are still populating Costa Rica to this day. Pura Vida. Here we have all the maps you need for your travels within Costa Rica. The Guaymi or Ngabe people are indigenous to northern Panama and southern Costa Rica. In 1856, Costa Rica resisted United States settlers from mounting a take-over of the government. Between Uvita Island and the current port of Limón. The History. Costa Ricans claim that Dr. Clodomiro “Clorito” Picado discovered the properties of penicillin before … Of all the Central American countries, Costa Rica is generally regarded as having the most stable and most democratic government. Many find stones placed close to graves, in various shapes. Today there are more than 100 protected areas consisting of reserves, wildlife refuges and national parks in Costa Rica. You see evidence of the indigenous influences in arts and crafts available throughout Costa Rica in the form of handcrafted ceramics, ornaments, and jewelry. The country has a population of 4.5 million, and its capital city of San Jose is home to approximately 300,000 citizens. Learn about this topic in these articles: major treatment. Costa Rica has a rich musical history that many people don't know about. Learn all about the people that made Costa Rica what it is today! Christopher Columbus was the first European recorded to have landed on Costa Rica’s shores on September 8, 1502. The official language in Costa Rica, is Spanish. Zoos and wildlife habitats look different here. They come in the amounts of 1000, 2000, 5,000, 10,000, 20,000 and 50,000 colones. The Blue, White and Red design we see today came from Wife of President José María Castro Madriz; and was inspired by the French revolution. As a small country, Costa Rica now provides under 1% of the world's coffee production. The President of Costa Rica at the time of William Walker’s arrival, JuanRafael Mora, brought together a makeshift army of peasants to fight the much more heavily armed enemy. German, Italian, and British immigrants in the 19th century left an imprint on Costa Rican education, science, and culture. In fact, they had to win their freedom not once but twice! Around 15 percent of them inhabit the metropolitan area of San Jose. Achieving Independence was one of the most important events in Costa Rica history. My Costa Rica (CostaRica.Org) is a Travel Agency that offers Custom Costa Rica Vacations & Packages Including Hotels, All-Inclusive Resorts and Tours. © Copyright 2004-2021 all rights reserved. It is bordered by Nicaragua to its north, Panama to its south, the Caribbean Sea to its east and the Pacific Ocean to its west. Nearly four-fifths of Costa Rica’s population is of European descent, and, as a result, Costa Rica has the largest percentage of people of Spanish descent in Central America. Which they didn’t. While Costa Rica is a part of the Central American region and shares a lot of its culture and customs due to geographical proximity and shared history, there are points of differentiation that … For example, the Diquís Delta stone spheres are one of Central America’s most quixotic and strange archaeological findings. 2. In fact, the Chirripo Mountain is the highest peak in Costa Rica at 12,500 feet. Why not try to pick up some of the language and slang while you are here? Almost 95% of Costa Rica’s energy is derived from renewable resources- either geothermal or hydroelectric means. Costa Rica has been inhabited as far back as 5000 years BC by indigenous people. Find out more Costa Rica facts about Juan Santamaria here. During colonial times, Guanacaste was not part of … As the largest and most populous city in Costa Rica, San Jose is a popular destination for tourists and expats alike. The country’s lowest nadir is 790 feet below sea level in the caves of Barra Honda National Park. Early History In 1502 when Christopher Columbus landed in Puerto Limon, less than 20 indigenous tribes occupied the lands which are now Costa Rica. Although none of his settlements in the Nicoya Bay region survived, he and his men began the... football. It was here all along and Costa Rica discovered Europeans in 1502! At the beginning of the 16th century the indigenous people of Costa Rica were divided into tribes of farmers. These 10 fun facts about Costa Rica should pique your interest in our amazing country and if you want to learn more, definitely come visit us! The native population was small compared to the vast Pre-Columbian civilizations found throughout Latin America. Pura Vida! In 1502, Christopher Columbus arrived at Limon being lost. In 2015, the value of coffee exports was US$305.9 million, a small part of the total agricultural exports of US$2.7 billion. There is so much to discover about this amazing country. © Copyright 2004-2021 all rights reserved. These articles and pages are meant to educate and inform users of everything they want to know about Costa Rica. As the story goes, Christopher Columbus landed on a small island located by Limon in 1502, and “discovered” Costa Rica. “Pura vida” is commonly heard in Costa Rica—it means “pure life” and is often used as a greeting in lieu of “hello” and “goodbye”. Costa Rica has the highest rural literacy rate at 96% for … What questions do you have about Costa Rica? Interesting Costa Rica Facts: Culture, History, Food & More. Costa Rica is a small country that is located in Central America. Facts about Costa Rica 1: the population. Business Etiquette in Costa Rica and the Central American region. The climate affects every aspect of this country from how it was shaped to what you going to do during the day. Though small in size (similar to West Virginia), Costa Rica is home to an estimated five percent of the Earth’s flora and fauna. The country’s territory takes up only … Furthermore the indigenous population was devastated by European diseases to which they h… Home » Costa Rica Facts » Costa Rica History. Read more about Costa Rica Independence and the long yet fascinating road Costa Ricans took to get there! It is a very rich country in culture, history, food, and much more. The Flag and Shield of Costa Rica are an outstanding symbol of the country’s freedom and rights for the people. The food has a history all on its own from the indigenous cultures to the Spanish colonization. Isla del Coco is the most remote region of Costa Rica, nearly 360 miles from the mainland into the Pacific Ocean. The weather here is tricky it rains when it wants and really all that depend on what part of the country you are in. While the dry season is a great time to travel so you don’t have to worry about the rain, the wet season has its perks as well. Thanks to its beautiful landscapes, pristine beaches, myriad adventure activities and proximity to the U.S., the country draws more than two million tourists each year. Check out more below. Since Costa Rica is located so close to the equator, the sun rises and sets at roughly the same time throughout the year. Costa Rica's political stability, high standard of living, and well-developed social benefits system set it apart from its Central American neighbors. Today, Costa Rica is strongly shaped by its Spanish influences as well as Catholicism. In fact, some historians argue that the present culture of this country was primarily founded upon these more dominant indigenous cultures. The Valle Central, with more than half the country’s population, is the most predominantly Spanish region … Costa Rica is cherished as one of the world’s most popular eco-tourism destinations. Thanks to its stable and developed economic base, Costa Ricans enjoy a higher standard of living than many of their peers in neighboring countries. There are many but here are some of the most frequently asked questions to help you on your next trip to this wonderful country. In the 1970s immigrants mainly came from Argentina, Chile, and Colombia. Here is a list of the phone numbers and Locations of Costa Rica Consulates within the United States. According to the Happy Planet Index, Costa Ricans enjoy the highest life satisfaction in the world. It also feels surprisingly modern and lacks the poverty of other Central American capitals. At the time, about 400,000 people were living in … It is here that the enemy made their mistake; Walker and his army took protection in a wooden fort. This article provides you with the current time in Costa Rica and also expands on the notion of Tico Time. If you ever have had the chance to visit us, then you know how important our pura vida lifestyle is to us. As with most native tribes, their numbers are dwindling as their traditions and lands are usurped by modern societies. Costa Rica is big on biodiversity and environmental … Like the rest of Latin America, Costa Rica started off as a Spanish colony, and its function was to produce goods to enrich the Spanish monarchy. 1. Colones to Dollars. The victorious junta, however, resulted in a constitution that gave way to free elections with universal suffrage and the total abolition of the army. Costa Rica has a 96% literacy rate, one of the highest in the world. Additionally, the country boasts one of the highest life expectancy rates at 77 for men and 820 for women. These events were followed by an era of peace and prosperity until 1917, when fro two years General Federico Tinoco Granados had power as a military dictator. There is no Daylight Savings Time, and Costa Rica’s time zone is the … With no standing army, the Costa Rican government has poured those funds into both public education and preserving the natural heritage. Costa Ricans also enjoy one of the most modern public health care systems, which was recently ranked 36th in the world by the World Health Organization. The indigeno… It was here all along and Costa Rica discovered Europeans in 1502! There is a lot to know about money when you travel and this article will help you out. Unlike many of its neighbors, however, the Ticos managed to do it without bloodshed or revolution. The Guayabo National Monument is shrouded in mystery to this day but does reveal the existence of an ancient society of some sophistication. The entire country spans just 19,730 square miles, but its multiple ecosystems and microclimates accommodate such diversity within its borders. Costa Rican calypso music is one of the most famous musical styles to come out of Costa Rica, along with soca, salsa, merengue, and cumbia. This makes it unique. The country’s education system is ranked one of the top in all of Latin America, with more than 4,200 schools scattered throughout the nation. Now that’s Pura Vida! Costa Ricans refer … Find out what currency Costa Rica uses and how the dollars is used here. Check ou the articles below. Tourism Is A Flourishing Industry In Costa Rica. Later in 1948, Jose Figueres started a civil war in which 2000 people died; the war only lasted 44 days and was the bloodiest event ever to take place in Costa Rica. With this abundance of clean energy, the country is well on its way to becoming entirely carbon neutral by 2021. This act alone turned the young Juan Santamaria into a national hero who is still celebrated annually and even remembered through the name of Alajuela‘s airport: San Juan Santamaria International Airport. Former Costa Rican president, Jose Figueres Ferrer, abolished the Costa Rican national military in 1948 after a grueling civil war. In the second round, they achieved full independence within Central America. 1539, the first time in recorded history that the term Costa Rica, or Rich Coast, was used to describe the territory between Panama and Nicaragua. In 1502, Christopher Columbus arrived at Limon being lost. Facts about Costa Rica 2: the short history of Costa Rica. As the landowners were quite poor and isolated from the Spanish Colonial centers of Mexico, Guatemala, and the Andes, and because there were very few indigenous labor forces to help, the first Costa Rican settlers soon turned into an autonomous and individual agrarian society. It is the largest city and capital of Costa Rica. Resistance by the indigenous inhabitants and disease prevented the Spanish from establishing a permanent settlement until 1563, when Cartago was founded. Costa Rican culture is a vibrant blend of indigenous heritage and Spanish colonial influence, with a dash of Jamaican, Chinese, and other immigrant cultures lending character and customs. 1539, the first time in recorded history that the term Costa Rica, or Rich Coast, was used to describe the territory between Panama and Nicaragua. Costa Rica is home to more than 5% of the world’s biodiversity. Find out more here. Columbusskirted the Costa Rican coast in 1502. There were many migrations and influences from the Aztecs of Mexico to the Mayas and the Incas of Peru. Named after Saint Joseph, it is in the heart of the country, and its inhabitants are understandably proud of their home. Our Costa Rica facts page contains an overview of articles that provide details about Costa Rica, its people, its history, government, political structure, social values, policies, geography, weather, plants and animals. Costa Rica is inhabited by around 4.5 million people. Its constitution of 1949 provides for a unicameral legislature, a fair judicial system, and an independent electoral body. Costa Rica has over 120 volcanic cones and 7 active volcanoes. The country was a backwater during the colonial period, however, and it was largely passed over by the Spanish in their search for gold. by Ana Victoria Zamora on June 3, 2020 . Christopher Columbus was the first European recorded to have landed on Costa Rica’s shores on September 8, 1502. Since that day, Costa Rica has been investing in education, natural heritage and developing strategies for supporting workers’ rights. All of the vegetation comes alive and Costa Rica glows green! Per a government decree in 1869, education is both free and mandatory for all citizens in Costa Rica. European immigration and customs have helped to mold Costa Rican history and influence its character. Why not visit Costa Rica and come joins us in the happiest place on earth? The Costa Rica population is approximately five million. The Spanish came to Costa Rica and colonized the area in 1561. Here are 20 interesting and lesser known facts about Costa Rica…. It is believed that the first settlers came to these parts around 1000 BC and had created a bustling city by 800 AD. Learn more about this amazing nation with these interesting facts that helped make this paradise one of the “happiest countries” on Earth. Costa Rica is a small country geographically; however, there are many interesting facts about this country. Check ouy this article o the weather. During the 20th century, Costa Rica’s settlement frontiers expanded outward rapidly from the Valle Central to incorporate peripheral areas, until virtually all the suitable lands in the country were settled and the spread of population effectively ended. In the mid 16th century the Spanish gradually conquered Costa Rica. The Spanish conquest began in 1524. Our favorite thing is when people fall as in love with Costa Rica as we are. Figueres became a national hero when Costa Rica disbanded its army in 1949. Costa Rica achieved independence in 1821 but was absorbed for two years by … After 1869, Costa Rica established a democratic government. Well, that may please Spanish historians, but it is not actually what happened in this episode of Costa Ricahistory. Ticos, a term used to describe Costa Ricans, spend time with friends and family, enjoy meals together, and just explore the great outdoors in their beautiful country. Coffee production played a key role in Costa Rica's history and in 2006, was the third cash crop export. Unlike many of its Central American neighbors, the government in Costa Rica is a stable democracy, with presidential elections that take place every four years. Between Uvita Island and the current port of Limón. The most extraordinary and quixotic artifacts left by Costa Rica’s ancestors are the astonishing stone spheres found near Palmar Norte and Palmar Sur in Corcovado. Laura Chinchilla was the first female president elected in this country. Discover the importance of rice and beans and all the ways Ticos include it in their diet! Look here for Costa Rica facts on the Flag and shield and the influences that created it. Limon was quickly abandoned in favor of the Central Valley, however, partially due to the heat and humidity. Well, that may please Spanish historians, but it is not actually what happened in this episode of Costa Rica history. Costa Rica has two seasons a year, the dry season and the wet season. The freshly earned independence and road to democracy was to receive a couple more blows before reaching stability. In 1502 Christopher Columbus’s fourth Atlantic voyage brought him to the shores of Costa Rica, where he... conquest by Spain. At the time of the arrival of the Spanish explorers, the Guaymi were found in three distinct groups that were located in what is now known as western Panama. The Irazu Volcano is Costa Rica’s highest volcano with an elevation of 11,259 feet above sea level. Thanks to its progressive environmental policies and government-sponsored reforestation programs, Costa Rica is also labeled 5th Greenest Country according to the Environmental Performance Index (EPI). Costa Rica has a national tree and a national flower: the Guanacaste tree and the Guaria Morada orchid. The surrounding countries had made huge fortunes by focusing on cash crops such as sugar or tobacco, and after indep… This cultural heritage originates from the first indigenous groups who populated the area 10,000 years ago. it isn’t a big country, you may not have even heard of it until now but you are sure to know where Costa Rica is once you read this Article. The sun rises and sets at 5:45 am and 5:45 pm every day of the year. Also, it is the largest uninhabited island in the world with an area of about 24 square miles. Juan Santamaria is a prime symbol of this country and how it became independence. Find out where Costa Rica actually is on the map. When it became apparent that the rich coast was poorer than its neighbors, the colonists switched their focus to agricultural development. Costa Ricans live the Pura Vida by enjoying life’s little pleasures. My Costa Rica (CostaRica.Org) is a Travel Agency that offers Custom Costa Rica Vacations & Packages Including Hotels, All-Inclusive Resorts and Tours. Call it Literacy or the love for education. Explore San Jose and discover a thriving cultural and business scene! According to history, the first humans who found Costa Rica (thousands of years before Christopher Columbus) arrived on the peninsula of Nicoya. They had created a sophisticated society. The official currency of Costa Rica is the Colon. However it lacked gold. Wind instruments called ocarinas are used in ancient … Costa Rican currency is as colorful as its terrain. However on 18 September 1502 Christopher Columbus sighted Costa Rica. His ambitions to turn Central America into slaving territory. Why they disappeared is still unknown. Its population was small and it was far less important than the other Spanish colonies. The few remaining members of these tribes are trying to hold on to their customs and old way of life, although this is getting harder to maintain, and live in small villages in remote regions of the country. Based on scientific research, the Nicoya Peninsula was deemed one of the planet’s seven blue zones: Areas where people live longer, healthier and happier lives. Costa Rica was inhabited by an estimated 400,000 Indians when Columbus explored it in 1502. This is largely attributed to the outdoor lifestyle, closeness to family and healthy diet. In 1502, during his fourth and final trip to the Americas, Christopher Columbus landed in Costa Rica. Much history made what the flag and shield are today. While Costa Rica takes up only .03% of the world’s land space, it contains 6% of all known living species and has the densest biodiversity on the planet. Costa Rica is divided into 7 provinces: San Jose, Alajuela, Heredia, Cartago, Guanacaste, Puntarenas and Limon. Costa Rica already existed. Also, thought the spheres were created by the ancestors of the Boruca, Térraba, and Guaymi Indigenous tribes. As the story goes, Christopher Columbus landed on a small island located by Limon in 1502, and “discovered” Costa Rica. The result is a nation of laid-back, friendly, and happy people. It was a Spanish colony for about 250 years. Most of us have heard of self-declared 19th century commander William Walker but we don’t always know the details of his relationship to Costa Rica. While this fact is certainly a blessing, it does not mean that it was a simple process. In 1821, Costa Rica declared independence from … As the story goes, Christopher Columbus landed on a small island located by, As the landowners were quite poor and isolated from the, The Most important part of Costa Rican History, William Walker The Filibuster and Juan Santamaria The Hero, San Juan Santamaria International Airport. Although the Costa Rican economy is not as powerful as that of the USA or the European nations, it certainly punches above its weight and was lucky enough to recover quickly from the global financial crisis. Limon was quickly abandoned in favor of the Central Valley, however, partially due to the heat and humidity. Its economy struggled due to lack of connections with European suppliers. Costa Rica’s indigenous history is not as prominent as it is in other Latin American cultures or even others just in Central America. In 16th century, Spain controlled Costa Rica. The sunrise occurs at around 5:30 a.m. and the sunset at 5:30 p.m. The result was a tiny economy with most inhabitants practicing small-scale farming and trade in agricultural products. Since that time, the country has functioned peaceably with no civil unrest. At its peak, around 10.000 people used to live in this ancient city. Costa Rica was part of the Federal Republic of Central America in 1813, before gaining full independence in 1821. Colones consist of colorful bills that depict some of Costa’s Rica’s most beautiful animals– these being sharks, monkeys, sloths and butterflies. History. The first came in 1855 with the arrival of William Walker. There is even an airport named after him. In the first round, they broke free from the rule of Spain. The colors of the Costa Rica Flag have significant meaning in how the country is governed and came to be today. Believed to be around 2,000 years old, thousands surprisingly uniform stone spheres, ranging in diameter from 4 inches (10 cm) to 8 feet (2.5 m, discovered in the 1940s. Every denomination of Costa Rican cash features … But luckily, rights for the indigenous people have been put on the agenda and tourists can support them by visiting their villages and tribes. 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