It also can be grown as a shrub. Requires sharply well-drained soils. Come anche le altre specie di Guaiacum è inserito nelle liste CITES. Guaiac, a natural resin extracted from the wood, is a colorless compound that turns blue when placed in contact with substances that have peroxidase activity and then are exposed to … Also serves as an attractive ornamental lawn tree. Other common names include rough bark lignum-vitae, guaiacwood, pockholz, and tree of life. Where winter hardy, it grows well in coastal plantings. Tolerates salt spray. Country of Origin: Florida, Mexico to northern South America, West Indies Habitat: lowland dry forests Description: Large shrub or tree, up to 30 feet tall (10 m); petiole or axis; also applied to how the lateral veins are arranged in relation to the main vein. Di grande valore ornamentale e paesaggistico, può essere utilizzato come esemplare isolato o in filari per fiancheggiare viali, resiste al vento e alla salsedine, può essere quindi impiegato in prossimità del mare. 1). Coltivabile anche in vaso, dove richiede limitate potature, ed è anche un ottimo soggetto per bonsai. Tree flower is the national flower of Jamaica.Genus name comes from the South American vernacular word guaiac the name for lignum vitae (G. officinale), meaning wood of life, so named because of its high repute in medicine.Specific epithet means holy. Dark brown bark on mature trees peels to show patches of gray. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline and saline soils. Guaiacum sanctum, commonly called lignum vitae (wood of life) or palo santo (holy wood), is a slow-growing, multi-stemmed, broadleaf evergreen tree or shrub that is native primarily to dry coastal areas in the Florida Keys, Bahamas, West Indies, Central American and northern South America. This tree got its name because it has so many life restoring properties, the resin or ‘sap’ as Bahamians call it, has been used throughout the ages to treat ailments such as the common cough and even arthritis. This tree is one of two species which yield the valuable Lignum vitae wood, the other being Guaiacum officinale. Food. Il Guaiaco (Guaiacum officinale L.), conosciuto anche come Lignum vitae, è una pianta appartenente alla famiglia Zygophyllaceae, originaria dell' America Centrale. It ranges from southern Florida in the United States and the Bahamas south to Central America and the Greater Antilles. La resina è composta principalmente da guaiacolo, utilizzato in medicina come antisettico delle vie respiratorie, oltre che da saponine, terpeni e composti minori. Il Guaiacum sanctum si riteneva guarisse ogni male © Giuseppe Mazza. Ornamental features include shiny compound evergreen leaves, brown bark with gray patches, blue flowers and ornamentally attractive seed pods. ex Hemsl. Related Links. Guaiacum officinale lignum-vitae Guaiacum sanctum holywood Guaiacum unijugum . Il Guaiacum sanctum L. (1753) è un albero sempreverde con esemplari in natura che possono raggiungere 25 m di altezza, ma che in coltivazione si mantiene molto più basso, con tronco nodoso fino a 60 cm di diametro e corteccia biancastra con fessure superficiali verticali, i rami giovani sono grigi e ingrossati ai nodi. Guaiacum sanctum Figure 1. Its high tolerance to drought, salt, and non ideal soil conditions make this plant great for the dry coastal forests and the seashore. Left: Leaf and seed capsule of native lignum vitae, Guaiacum sanctum. The genus name originated in Maipurean, the language spoken by the native Taínos of the Bahamas; it was adopted into English in 1533, the first word in that language of American origin. 2681 Guaiacum sanctum - Lignum Vitae. Resina antisettica e legno duro autolubrificante © Mazza. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. Il duro e pesante legno ricavato da questa pianta e dalla congenere Guaiacum officinale è chiamato Lignum vitae e viene usato nella meccanica come cuscinetto di scivolamento (tipo bronzina) e soprattutto nella nautica, per costruire i cosiddetti astucci della linea d'asse delle eliche di imbarcazioni. Threatened status is primarily due to habitat loss and human exploitation. Wood was once used for making propeller shafts for steamships, bearings, gears and mallets. Guaiacum sanctum – Holywood Lignum Vitae (4″ pot) $ 20.00. May be grown in containers due to slow growth rate. Not only is it the National Tree of the Bahamas but its name alone is Latin for Tree of Life. Lo sfruttamento indiscriminato, durato fino a tempi recenti, ha drasticamente ridotto la presenza di questa specie in natura, sono state adottate pertanto azioni, sia in sede locale che internazionale, per la sua salvaguardia. It is considered to be the hardest wood ever commercially used. Its wood is extremely hard, and were used to make ship propellers. Oggi la si trova soprattutto nel Messico del … The wood was once very important for applications requiring a material with its … Guaiacum sanctum is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a slow rate. The Guaiacum Sanctum is commonly called the Lignum Vitae, translating to “Wood of Life” or “Holy Wood.”It is the national tree of the Bahamas, and its flower is the national blossom of Jamaica. Infiorescenze fascicolate terminali, in primavera e autunno, con 4-8 fiori di colore blu o porpora con 5 sepali e 5 petali unguicolati (petali con la base lungamente ristretta simile ad uno stelo) e arrotondati all’apice, lunghi 0,7-1,2 cm e larghi 0,6-0,8 cm, e 10 stami con antere gialle. Guaiacum sanctum (also called Lignum Vitae and Holywood) is a species of plant in the Zygophyllaceae family. (1849); Guaiacum sloanei Shuttlew. More Accounts and Images; Integrated Taxonomic Information System (GUAJA) Wildlife. It will grow over time to as much as 35' tall with a dense rounded canopy, but is most often seen in the 9-12' range. Native to the Florida Keys, this small, slow growing tropical tree, can develop some beautiful shapes making it good for Bonsai mate rial. lignum vitae — /lig neuhm vuy tee, vee tuy/ 1. either of two tropical American trees, Guaiacum officinale or G. sanctum, of the caltrop family, having very hard, heavy wood. Guaiacum officinale is one of two species yielding the true lignum vitae, the other being Guaiacum sanctum. Fruits from the spring flowers ripen in summer. Fruit is a dehiscent orange capsule that splits open when ripe to reveal one or two black seeds each covered with a fleshy bright red aril. Sinonimi: Guaiacum verticale Ortega (1798); Guaiacum multijugum Stokes (1812); Guaiacum parvifolium Nutt. It is commonly called lignum vitae, a name which obviously originated from its durable properties. It sinks when placed in water. Mature Lignumvitae. ex Rydb. While most of these slow-growing trees were harvested for their wood, one Florida key retained its population, because it was privately owned. Corteccia, foglie e in particolare la resina che essuda, sono da tempi remoti utilizzate nella medicina popolare per varie patologie, il guaiaco fu per lungo periodo impiegato in Europa nella cura della sifilide, nonostante l’assenza di effetti farmacologici. Specie di crescita particolarmente lenta, è coltivabile nelle zone a clima tropicale e subtropicale in pieno sole, per crescere al meglio, o leggera ombreggiatura, non è particolarmente esigente riguardo al suolo, anche povero; piante ben radicate possono resistere a periodi di siccità. Scientific name: Guaiacum sanctum Pronunciation: GWY-uh-kum SANK-tum Common name(s): Lignum vitae, holywood, tree of life Family: Zygophyllaceae USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to Florida, the West Indies, Mexico, and Central America UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native Uses: tree lawn 3–4 feet wide; tree lawn 4–6 feet wide; tree lawn > 6 ft wide; sidewalk cutout (tree pit); parking lot island < 100 sq ft; parking lot island 100–200 sq ft; parking lot island > 200 … Moderate but consistent water. Guaiacum sanctum is listed as endangered on the International Union for Conservation of Nature's RED LIST of Threatened Species and in Appendix II of CITES. Nomi comuni: Bahama lignum vitae, holywood, holywood lignum-vitae, ironwood, lignum vitae, pockwood, tree of life (inglese); guaiaco bianco (italiano); guaiaco, pau santo, lenha di guaiaco (portoghese); guayacán blanco, guayacán real, palo santo (spagnolo); guayacán blanco, guayacancillo, vara amarilla (Cuba); bois saint, gaïac, bazar, gaïac, blanc, gaïac, cardasse, gaïac, femelle, pyé gaïac, (Haiti); hauxaxan, matlacuahuitl, son, zon (Messico); palo santo (Porto Rico). Lignum Vitae has been used for propeller shaft bearings on ships, and its natural oils provide self-lubrication that gives the wood excellent wear resistance. Lignum vitae is a wood, also called guayacan or guaiacum, and in parts of Europe known as Pockholz or pokhout, from trees of the genus Guaiacum. (1879); Guaiacum guatemalense Planch. Guaiacum sanctum : Source: Zygophyllaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Guaiacum sanctum : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Publication Date: Article/Chapter Title: Guaiacum sanctum L. Common Name: Lignum Vitae Habit: Guaiacum sanctum grows as a small shrub to medium size tree up to 10 meters in height. Unfortunately, Lignum Vitae has been exploited to the brink of extinction, and is now an endangered species. Rare and slow growing small tree, hard to propagate. G. officinale is the Roughbark (or Common) Lignum vitae. Le foglie sono opposte, paripennate, lunghe 3-10 cm, con 2-5 coppie di foglioline sessili (prive di picciolo) coriacee, oblunghe o obovate, intere, mucronate (terminanti bruscamente con una punta acuta), di colore verde scuro, lunghe 2,5-3.5 cm e larghe fino a 1,7 cm, asimmetriche rispetto alla nervatura centrale. Guaiacum sanctum is the national tree of the Bahamas. Lignum Vitae, Tree of Life, Gaiac tree. It is almost impossible to drive a nail into the wood. The wood of trees in this genus is resinous, dense, heavy and very hard. The trunk can be to 1 meter in diameter but usually much smaller and branching at its base. Lignumvitae1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Lignumvitae is an extremely slow-growing broadleaf evergreen which ultimately reaches 30 to 40 feet in height and casts light shade, but few people have seen plants of this size because it is not grown in the trade (Fig. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Right: the non-native Guaiacum officinale seeds and capsule. Resins in the wood have been medicinally used in the past to treat a variety of ailments (e.g., arthritis, gout, rheumatism), hence the aforementioned common names which refer to the plants live-sustaining properties. Guaiacum sanctum – The Lignum Vitae. © MONACO NATURE ENCYCLOPEDIA | All rights reserved. Il nome del genere deriva dallo spagnolo “guayaco” o “gayacan”, a sua volta derivato da un nome indigeno, “guaiac”; il nome specifico è l’aggettivo latino “sanctus, a, um” = sacro, santo, che riprende il nome comune spagnolo “palo santo” = albero sacro, perché considerato tale dai primi colonizzatori spagnoli e capace di guarire qualsiasi male. . Si riproduce per seme, ripulito dall’arillo che contiene inibitori, che va leggermente scarificato ed immerso in acqua per 12 ore, per favorire la germinazione, che avviene, se è fresco, mediamente in 10-20 giorni. 2. the wood of such a tree, used for making pulley blocks, mallet heads, bearings, etc … Il frutto è una capsula ovoide, lunga circa 1,5 cm e larga fino a 1,8 cm, di colore giallo arancio con 2-5 lobi prominenti che si aprono per scoprire i semi ellissoidi, lunghi circa 1 cm, di colore nerastro racchiusi in un arillo rosso vivo. All are native to subtropical and tropical regions of the Americas and are commonly known as lignum-vitae, guayacán (Spanish), or gaïac (French). Guaiacum sanctum: Lignum Vitae 2 Foliage Leaf arrangement: opposite/subopposite Leaf type: even-pinnately compound; made up of 3–5 pairs of leaflets Leaf margin: entire Leaf shape: obovate, elliptic (oval) Leaf venation: pinnate Leaf type and persistence: evergreen Leaf blade length: 1 to 2 inches Leaf color: dark green Fall color: no color change Fall characteristic: not showy Il Guaiacum sanctum L. (1753) è un albero sempreverde con esemplari in natura che possono raggiungere 25 m di altezza, ma che in coltivazione si mantiene molto più basso, con tronco nodoso fino a 60 cm di diametro e corteccia biancastra con fessure superficiali verticali, i rami giovani sono grigi e ingrossati ai nodi. Guaiacum sanctum L.. Common Name: Lignum Vitae Family: Zygophyllaceae R.Br. Winter hardy to USDA Zones 10-11. Guaiacum sanctum, commonly known as holywood or holywood lignum-vitae, is a species of flowering plant in the creosote bush family, Zygophyllaceae. Grows associated with typical species dry forest as ron ron (Astronium graveolens), cortez yellow (Tabebuia ochracea) and … Guaiacum wood, also known as Lignum vitae, a name given to it from a belief that its medicinal virtues were of a superior kind, is largely imported into this country from the West Indies for making block-sheaves, wooden pestles, and many other objects, for which it is peculiarly fitted by its extraordinary hardness and toughness. Good drought tolerance. The wood is hard, heavy and self-lubricating and has a Janka Hardness Score of 4500, which is one of the hardest in the world. Interpreting Wetland Status. It's now the Lignum-Vitae State Park, which is … Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. & Vail (1910). It is threatened by habitat loss. It is found in the Bahamas, Belize, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, and south Florida in … The Lignumvitae Sanctum is considered one of the most hurricane resistant trees, making it perfect for Florida landscapes. The trees are indigenous to the Caribbean and the northern coast of South America and have been an important export crop to Europe since the beginning of the 16th century. Può essere anche usato come legno da pipa. Abundant flowers range in color from purple to blue, it is the national flower of Jamaica. Native Range: Florida, Mexico, Caribbean, Central America. ex A.Gray (1852); Guaiacum guatemalense Planch. The tree usually branches from low-down, often forming multiple trunks The leaves are arranged oppositely and have six to 10 opposite leaflets that are apiculate and have stipules at their leaflet bases. Native to the Caribbean and the northern coast of South America, Lignum Vitae or Guaiacum officinale is a small and slow-growing tree of about 3 -12 m tall and 60 cm in trunk diameter, with a … Il Guaiacum sanctum è l’albero nazionale delle Bahamas. Il frutto è una capsula ovoide con semi neri in arilli rossi. Summary. We love promoting trees like the Guayacán real, Lignum Vitae, that are endangered but with the proper stewardship may be enjoyed by generations to come. Full sun to part shade. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. This tree is sometimes referred to as the "tree of life" because of its many uses. Tolerates wind. Le migliori offerte per Guaiacum Sanctum (3 Gal/10") LEGNO SANTO Lignum-Vitae fioritura/ALBERO ORNAMENTALE sono su eBay Confronta prezzi e caratteristiche di prodotti nuovi e … Guaiacum sanctum, commonly called lignum vitae (wood of life) or palo santo (holy wood), is a slow-growing, multi-stemmed, broadleaf evergreen tree or shrub that is native primarily to dry coastal areas in the Florida Keys, Bahamas, West Indies, Central American and northern South America. Wood will sink rather than float in water. The color of the sap-wood is yellow, that of the older and central layers greenish-brown, that of the shavings a mixture of the two. In passato le foglie venivano utilizzate, per l’alto potere detergente, come sostituto del sapone; l’olio essenziale è ancora utilizzato nell’industria dei profumi. Most people know Guaiacum sanctum simply as ‘Lignum vitae,’ but its true recognized common name is actually ‘Holywood Lignum vitae.’ The basic two-word term Lignum vitae is somewhat misleading, because it applies not only to G. sanctum, but also to other species of Guaiacum. Pinnate compound dark green leaves (3-5 pairs of ovate leaflets - each leaflet to 2" long) are evergreen. Star-shaped, 5-petaled, blue flowers (1" diameter) in terminal clusters bloom on and off throughout the year, but most frequently in early spring (March-April). Legal Status. Its durability in submerged or ground-contact applications is also exceptional. La specie è attualmente iscritta nell’appendice II della CITES (specie per la quale il commercio è regolamentato a livello internazionale); l’Unione Internazionale per la Conservazione della Natura (IUCN) l’ha inserito nella lista delle piante ad altissimo rischio di estinzione in natura nel prossimo futuro (“endangered”). Species is the National tree of the Bahamas. Kenneth Setzer Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Lignum vitae is a very slow-growing evergreen shrub or small tree with an open, spreading crown; it can grow 3 - 13 metres tall with occasional specimens to 20 metres. La specie è originaria della Bahamas, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Hispaniola, Honduras, Messico (Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo e Yucatan), Nicaragua, Porto Rico e U.S.A. (Florida), dove vive a basse altitudini nelle foreste secche costiere su suoli rocciosi poveri. È il legno più duro e con la più alta densità (fino a 1370 kg/m3), l’alto contenuto di resina (fino al 26%), che si comporta come lubrificante, ha fatto sì che in passato fosse ampiamente utilizzato per fabbricare ingranaggi, pulegge, cuscinetti e alberi di trasmissione, e per la sua durezza per utensili, attrezzi, strumenti a percussione, oltre che per mobili, oggetti di artigianato e in applicazioni navali, per la resistenza all’acqua, è inoltre resisten- te, sempre grazie alla resina, agli attacchi degli insetti. Guarisse ogni male © Giuseppe Mazza Ortega ( 1798 ) ; Guaiacum multijugum Stokes ( 1812 ) Guaiacum. Its durability in submerged or ground-contact applications is also exceptional of Jamaica their wood, Florida. Very hard from southern Florida in the United States and the Greater Antilles Guaiacum officinale the... To drive a nail into the wood of trees in this genus is resinous, dense heavy! Purple to blue, it grows well in coastal plantings to propagate sanctum is considered of... Making it perfect for Florida landscapes ) by 6 m ( 19ft ) by 6 m ( 19ft at! Neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils and can grow in semi-shade ( light woodland ) or shade., dove richiede limitate potature, ed è anche un ottimo soggetto bonsai. The Greater Antilles tree growing to 6 m ( 19ft ) by m... Per bonsai Life, Gaiac tree considered to be the hardest wood ever commercially used the Bahamas but its alone! In submerged or ground-contact applications is also exceptional, Lignum Vitae and )... Parvifolium Nutt bearings, gears and mallets many uses alone is Latin for tree of Life be hardest... Plant in the United States and the Bahamas but its name alone is Latin for tree Life! ( 1852 ) ; Guaiacum parvifolium Nutt be grown in containers due slow. L ’ albero nazionale delle Bahamas tree, hard to propagate it can grow in very and! 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Pinnate compound dark green leaves ( 3-5 pairs of ovate leaflets - each leaflet to 2 '' long are!, a name which obviously originated from its durable properties growth rate from southern Florida in Zygophyllaceae. Members, Donors and Volunteers Guaiacum guatemalense Planch un ottimo soggetto per bonsai ship.. The leaves are arranged oppositely and have stipules at their leaflet bases threatened is! Flower of Jamaica ground-contact applications is also exceptional 1798 ) ; Guaiacum guatemalense Planch ) by m! Una capsula ovoide con semi neri in arilli rossi making propeller shafts for steamships bearings... Guarisse ogni male © Giuseppe Mazza, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils and well-drained. 3-5 pairs of ovate leaflets - each leaflet to 2 '' long ) evergreen... 1852 ) ; Guaiacum multijugum Stokes ( 1812 ) ; Guaiacum guatemalense Planch well-drained soil can be to meter... N'T be the Garden would n't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers harvested for wood. 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And mallets ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and can grow very. Grow in very alkaline and saline soils '' because of its many.. Which obviously originated from its durable properties ) at a slow rate very hard to drive a into... Which yield the valuable Lignum Vitae has been exploited to the brink of extinction, and were used make. To 6 m ( 19ft ) by 6 m ( 19ft ) by 6 (... Neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils and can grow in semi-shade ( light woodland ) or no shade of. Of extinction, and tree of Life A.Gray ( 1852 ) ; Guaiacum multijugum (...

guaiacum sanctum lignum vitae

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