Annals of Agricultural Science (Cairo) 2:809–820. Prospects for chickpea cropping are discussed. Washington leads the nation in the production of large kabuli chickpeas and small desi chic… Date accessed: 25 May 2009. to the color of seed and geographic distribution, chickpea is grouped into two biotypes: Desi (Indian origin) and Kabuli (Mediterranean and Middle Eastern origin) while Kabuli cultivars have large seeds with white to cream colored seed coat, Desi cultivars have … Choumane W, Baum M. 2000. Cicer arietinum L. In: Tropical Crops. The Chickpea. The high protein content makes it a perfect addition to cereals, as cereals... Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Description of chickpea. One of two major forms of chickpea, the so-called kabuli type, has white flowers and light-colored seed coats, properties not known to exist in the wild progenitor. Chickpea is considered the third most important pulse in the world, being widely grown in many subtropical and warm-temperate regions. 2007. The success of chickpea on a global scale is due to its high seed-protein content (nearly 20 %) and, as a result, its potential as a valuable meat substitute. • 84 plants are listed for Cereals and Legumes: durum wheat, Mediterranean oats, sand oats, pea. Ahmad F, Gaur PM, Croser J. pp. pp 1-13. In: Ucko P, Dimbleby GW, editors. The secondary genepool (GP2), the next closest group, consists of three annual wild Cicer species, C. judaicum Boiss. Chinese Center of origin Mediterranean Center • Includes the borders of the Mediterranean Sea. It is one of the dry edible legumes with best nutritional composition. Chickpea is a cool season food legume crop grown on >10 million ha in 45 countries of the world. Cicer is Latin for chickpea and is thought to be the origin of the surname Cicero (as in the Roman philosopher Marcus Tullius Cicero, 106-43 BC). Based on seed size and shape, two main kinds of chickpea are recognized: The Desi types closer to the putative progenitor (C. reticulatum) found predominantly in India and Ethiopia, which have small, angular, coloured seeds and a rough coat. 1997. Natural outcrossing in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Chickpea has a relatively minor importance in the world market but it is extremely important for local trade in numerous tropical and subtropical regions. Average annual chickpea area is >16,000 ha in each of the 23 most important chickpea-growing countries. Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). SN - 9780851985718 ISBN 0851985718. Not logged in Chickpeas are an important food plant in India, Africa, and Central and South America. structure analyses of multilocus genotypes (MLGs) without regard to geographic origin of samples. Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) originated in the fertile crescent between 10,000 and 12,000 y ago (37, 38), domesticated from the wild species Cicer reticulatum. Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is characterised by a different adaptation profile from the other crops of West Asian origin such as pea, barley, and wheat. The seeds are high in fiber and protein and are a good source of iron, phosphorus, and folic acid. It is the only cultivated pulse from the tribe Cicereae (Family Fabaceae). Chickpeas were part of the culture that first developed farming on our planet, called the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period. Keywords: ascochyta blight, chickpea, The name Cicer is of Latin origin, derived from the Greek word 'kikus' meaning force or strength. De Candolle (1883) traced the origin of chickpea to an area south of the Caucasus and northern Persia. Chickpea is the third most important pulse in the world (after beans and peas). ICARDA. secondary center of origin- maize, rajma, cowpea, turnip and sesame. The wild version of chickpeas ( Cicer reticulatum) is only found in parts of what is today southeastern Turkey and adjacent Syria, and it is likely that it was first domesticated there, about 11,000 years ago. Chickpea Breeding & Management. Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is among the founder crops domesticated in the Fertile Cres-cent. Proof of chickpea cultivation dates back as far as the early Bronze Age in Jericho (Hopf, 1969). The origin of the kabuli form has been enigmatic. Chickpea ranks third in the world’s production of seed legumes, after soybean (Glycine max L.) and pea (Pisum sativum). Purseglove JW. Chickpea. Global strategy for the ex situ conservation of chickpea (Cicer L.) [online]. pp 355-599. The Kabuli types, predominantly grown in the Mediterranean region, have large, beige-coloured and owl-head shaped seeds with a smoother coat. 100-113. Y1 - 1987. Cite this chapter as: van der Maesen L.J.G. Part of Springer Nature. It is grown and consumed in large quantities from South East Asia to India and in the Middle East and Mediterranean countries. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Chickpea ( Cicer arietinum L.) is the world's second most cultivated food legume species, grown in over 14.5 million hectare in 2017, from the Mediterranean basin and West Asia to the Indian subcontinent, Eastern Africa, Australia, and North and South America. Chickpea is a diploid and predominantly self-pollinated legume, but cross-pollination by insects sometimes occurs (Purseglove, 1968). Tayyar R, Federici CV, Waines GJ. 1976. First of all, the chickpea, also known as the garbanzo bean, is a legume (a simple dry fruit) and it is closely related to beans, lentils, peanuts, alfalfa, soy, and peas. Chickpea probably originated from South East Turkey. Singh KB, Pundir RPS, Robertson LD, van Rheene HA, Singh U, Kelley TJ, Rao PP, Johansen C, Saxena NP. Total U.S. acreage of chickpeas planted was up 53 percent in 2017 compared to 2016. This chapter focuses on the history and origin of chickpea, with emphasis on domestication, evolution of crop types, centres of diversity and crop production. International Agricultural Research Centres who worked together to make this site possible: The following information must be recorded for each accession: Status [inside supply/external supply (GIMS)]. Flowers white, pink or purple, solitary in leaf axils. Vavilov NI. CRC Press, USA. Primary center of origin- soybean, radish, orange, pear, millets, oats and Chinese cabbage. Chickpea is a cool-season food legume grown mainly by small farmers in many parts of the world. TY - GEN. T1 - Origin, history and taxonomy of Chickpea. closely related to chickpea and those in GP2 and GP3 are distantly related to chickpea (Kupicha, 1977). Current genebank practices and accumulated experience were gathered from six other genebanks/institutions holding global/regional/national collections of chickpea germplasm, including ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria; NBPGR, New Delhi, India; SARC-RIPP, Piestany, Slovak Republic; Institute of Plant Genetic Resources ‘K.Malkov’, Sadovo, Bulgaria; Department of Primary Industries, Victoria, Australia; and IPK, Gatersleben, Germany. Chickpea is a species from genus Cicer (Singh and Diwakar, 1995) and is an old world pulse and the second most important legume crop consumed worldwide (Ladizinsky, 1975; Iqbal et al., 2010). There are different views on the origins of chickpea. It ranks second in area and third in production among the pulses worldwide. ex A. chickpea (GIMS)]. PY - 1987. Chickpea ranks third in the world’s production of seed legumes, after soybean (Glycine max L.) and pea (Pisum sativum). Redden RJ, Berger JD. 1968. 48:197-204. Its different types are variously known as gram or Bengal gram, garbanzo or garbanzo bean, Egyptian pea. Rich., and 34 wild perennial Cicer species (Ahmad et al, 2005). AU - van der Maesen, L.J.G. Contributors to this page: ICRISAT, Patancheru, India (Hari D Upadhyaya, Shivali Sharma, Cholenahalli L Laxmipathi Gowda, Dintyala Sastry, Sube Singh); NBPGR, New Delhi, India (Shyam Sharma); ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria (Ahmed Amri, Kenneth Street, Natalya Rukhkyan), SARC-RIPP, Piestany, Slovak Republic (Gabriela Antalikova); Institute of Plant Genetic Resources ‘K.Malkov’, Sadovo, Bulgaria (Siyka Stoyanova); Department of Primary Industries, Victoria, Australia (Bob Redden); IPK, Gatersleben, Germany (Andreas Börner). Not affiliated Chickpea (En), Pois chiche (Fr); Cicer arietinum L. Production and distribution. London: Duckworth. 1951. There are two main varieties of chickpea: Desi — The smaller, darker, rougher-surfaced variety of chickpea, grown mostly in India, the Middle East, Mexico, and eastern Africa. M3 - Conference paper. Biodiversity in Trust. It is an important source of protein in the diets of the poor, and is particularly important in vegetarian diets. Chickpea is the cultivated legume, Cicer arietinum (L.). Furthermore, various abiotic and biotic Chickpeas are grown primarily in Montana (35 percent of total production), Washington (32 percent), Idaho (19 percent), and North Dakota (7 percent). Consignee’s name and designation, including the first name, last name (GIMS). Africa Rice Center | Bioversity International | CIAT | CIMMYT | CIP | ICARDA | ICRISAT | IFPRI | IITA | ILRI | IRRI |, Genetic resources and genebank management, Pre-breeding for Effective Use of Plant Genetic Resources, Spatial Analysis of Plant Diversity and Distribution, In vitro conservation and cryopreservation, Rice seeds from arrival at IRRI to departure, Institute of Plant Genetic Resources ‘K.Malkov’, http://www.croptrust.org/documents/web/CicerStrategy_FINAL_2Dec08.pdf. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. In: Singh RJ, Jauhar PP, editors. Genetic Resources, chromosome engineering, and crop improvement - Grain Legumes Vol. History and origin of Chickpea. He noticed that, like other grain legumes, Four centres of diversity were identified in the Mediterranean, Central Asia, the Near East and India, as well as a secondary centre of origin in Ethiopia (Vavilov, 1951). 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origin and distribution of chickpea

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