Hallo und Herzlich Willkommen auf unserer Webseite. November 1897 das im Konkursverfahren verbliebene Vermögen zum Preis von 58,1 Millionen Dollar. [12] It was largely a pick-and-shovel and wheelbarrow job, with most of the unskilled work done by Irish immigrants.[13]. Temporary, "Hell on wheels" towns, made mostly of canvas tents, accompanied the railroad as construction headed west. The railroad established towns along the way: Fremont, Elkhorn, Grand Island, North Platte, Ogallala, Sidney, Nebraska as the railroad followed the Platte River across Nebraska territory. The railroad cut wage rates in Las Vegas, Nevada, the site of major repair shops. The Central Pacific Railroad began in Council Buff, Nebraska. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 29. Although the Central Pacific had a two-year head start over the Union Pacific, the rough terrain of the Sierra Nevadas limited their construction to only 100 miles by the end of 1867. [29] Married couples were usually the homesteaders, but single women were also eligible on their own. In 1988 the company grew even larger when it purchased the Katy (the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad) and in 1995 did the same with the Chicago & North Western, providing it access to Wyoming's Powder River Basin coal fields. Evanston became a significant train maintenance shop town equipped to carry out extensive repairs on the cars and steam locomotives. On May 10, 1869, the presidents of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads meet in Promontory, Utah, and drive a ceremonial last spike into a rail line that connects their railroads. [31][page needed] The Justice Department sued, and in 1912 the Supreme Court separated the two companies because the suppression of competition was in restraint of trade and violated the 1890 Sherman antitrust act. Der operative Betrieb wurde von Omaha aus geleitet. He had great difficulty in making decisions, and in coordinating his subordinates. The Kansas Pacific Railroad began in 1855 as the Leavenworth, Pawnee and Western Railroad. The Supreme Court broke up the merger in 1910. [10] Später wurde diese Strecke durch den Lucin Cut Off mit einer Eisenbahnbrücke über den Großen Salzsee ersetzt. Bis zum Konkurs 1893 war der Präsident der oberste Unternehmensleiter. in Boston (Ames Building). Union Pacific subsequently acquired Missouri Pacific and the Western Pacific. Das UPPD und der Begriff Special Agents dienten als Vorlage bei der Gründung des FBI im Jahr 1907. The tunnels were all made with the new nitroglycerine explosive which expedited work but caused some fatal accidents. Sie verfolgen primär größere Unfälle und Verbrechen wie Entgleisungen, Sabotage, Zusammenstöße (auch mit Autos und Personen) und gefährlichen Materialien. Union Pacific Railway ended in 1901. It also owned narrow gauge trackage into the mining districts high in the Colorado rockies and a standard gauge line south from Denver across New Mexico into Texas. Eine erhebliche Vergrößerung des Streckennetzes brachte die Übernahme der doppelt so großen Missouri Pacific Railroad im Jahr 1982. Sie erhielt dafür rund 12 Millionen Acre Land und Staatsanleihen in Höhe von 27 Millionen US-Dollar.[10]. Januar 1898 neue Büroräume im Equitable Building (120 Broadway, New York) genutzt. Nach einer umfangreichen Amerikarundfahrt als „Tomorrow’s Train Today“ nahm der Zug an der Weltausstellung in Chicago teil und wurde von einer Million Menschen besichtigt. From 1910 to 1980, there was little growth in the UP, which dominated the farming, ranching, mining and tourist trade in a region stretching from Omaha and Kansas City in the East, to Salt Lake City and Denver in the West. Southern Pacific Railroad. The laws were passed as war measures to forge closer ties with California and Oregon, which otherwise took six months to reach. The Congress of the United States created the UP in 1862 and tasked the company with constructing the eastern portion of the Transcontinental Railroad. The UPRR main line was completed in 1869, at a cost of $109 million. Pacific Railway in Nebraska ended in 1910. Union Pacific Railway ended in 1901. For operations of the current railroad, see Union Pacific Railroad; for the holding company that owns the current railroad, see Union Pacific Corporation. The Union Pacific Railroad did not start construction for another 18 months until July 1865. It acquired the Kansas Pacific (originally called the Union Pacific, Eastern Division, though an entirely separate railroad). 83.176 Kilometer) Gleislänge zum 31. The railroad bridged the North Platte River over a 2,600-foot-long (790 m) bridge at North Platte, Nebraska, in December 1866 after completing about 240 miles (390 km) of track that year. Nach Beschluss des Gesetzes zum Bau der pazifischen Eisenbahn bis zur Gründungsversammlung, bei dem das erste Board of Directors gewählt wurde, führte William Butler Ogden die Geschäfte des entstehenden Unternehmens. Seitdem ist das Union Pacific Center in 1400 Douglas Street in Omaha der Unternehmenssitz. The North Platte/South Pass route was popular with wagon trains but not attractive to the railroad, for it was about 150 miles (240 km) longer and much more expensive to construct up the narrow, steep and rocky canyons of the North Platte. He selected routes on the basis of how cheap they were to construct, for that would maximize profits on the fixed congressional loans. Ab 1901 kontrollierte die unter ihrem Vorsitzenden Edward Harriman sanierte UP die Southern Pacific Railroad, musste jedoch durch Beschluss des Supreme Court im Jahre 1913 diese Kontrolle wieder aufgeben. This "new" route had never become an emigrant route because it lacked the water and grass to feed the emigrants' oxen and mules. It had 32,166 miles (51,766 km) of track at end of 2008. General Dodge wrote, "They could lay from one to three miles of track per day as they had material, and one day laid eight-and-a-half miles." Of all the railroads serving Oregon’s High Desert country, the Union Pacific has arguably had the biggest impact on the region. As soon as a few miles of track was ready, supplies were moved to a forward supply point, and teams of horse-drawn or mule-drawn wagons carried them to the work point. Im Großraum Chicago fährt die Union Pacific im Auftrag und auf Rechnung der regionalen Verkehrsbehörde, der Regional Transportation Authority, Vorortzüge, die bis 1995 von der C&NW betrieben wurden. Before long, workers were laying a mile or more a day. Zu diesen Zwecken wurde es später umgebaut. Gould immersed himself in every operational and financial detail of the system. Nach der Übernahme durch E. H. Harriman wurden ab dem 31. Starting in summer 1865 Omaha became the logistics base for thousands of tons of rails, ties, tools, and supplies. Dezember 2017 setzte die Union Pacific Railroad 8.573 eigene und gemietete Lokomotiven (ausschließlich Diesellokomotiven) und 64.191 eigene sowie selbst gemietete Güterwagen ein. Im Oktober desselben Jahres startete der für den „City of Portland“-Nachtzug beschaffte sechsteilige M-10001 in Los Angeles auf eine 5.244 Kilometer lange transkontinentale Pressefahrt und erreichte in einer noch heute beachtlichen Rekordzeit von 56 Stunden und 55 Minuten den Grand Central Terminal in New York City. The BNSF Railway is the second-largest freight railroad network in North America, second only to the Union Pacific Railroad. Union Pacific Railroad, a principal operating company of Union Pacific Corporation, is one of America's most recognized companies. Einzige Ausnahme ist die Lokomotive 844 der UP-Klasse 800, die nie ausgemustert wurde und von der UP seitdem für Sonderfahrten betriebsfähig gehalten wird. Das Netz der Union Pacific erstreckt sich von der Pazifikküste bis nach Chicago und New Orleans über den gesamten Westen der USA. The Union Pacific's junction with the Denver Railroad with its connection to Kansas City, Kansas, Kansas City, Missouri and the railroads east of the Missouri River again increased Cheyenne's importance as the junction of two major railroads. [35] Since then, Union Pacific has satisfied its common carrier requirements by hosting Amtrak trains (see § Hosted Amtrak trains). In 1870 the fare in coach from Omaha to San Francisco was $33.20 (sleeper cars cost extra). [9][page needed][10], Thomas C. Durant had overall charge of the UPRR construction program. This legislation generated almost no investment interest in the project and therefore was … Der Güterwagenbestand teilte sich wie folgt auf: Bedingt durch die Größe hat Union Pacific hunderte Einsatzstellen, Werkstätten und Bahnhöfe. We serve many of the fastest-growing U.S. population centers, operate from all major West Coast and Gulf Coast ports to eastern gateways. Einige der bekanntesten und größten sind: Wie die meisten großen Bahngesellschaften der USA hat auch die Union Pacific eine eigene Polizei-ähnliche Abteilung, das Union Pacific Police Department. 1880 übernahm UP die Kansas Pacific Railway, die zehn Jahre zuvor eine Strecke von Kansas City nach Denver gebaut hatte, sowie die Denver Pacific Railroad, eine Tochtergesellschaft, die die Verbindung von Denver nach Cheyenne an der UP-Hauptstrecke herstellte. Cheyenne became a major railroad center and was equipped with extensive railroad yards, maintenance facilities and a Union Pacific presence. Februar 2015: CEO, Chairman (ab 1. This article covers the Union Pacific Rail Road (UPRR, 1862–1880), Union Pacific Railway (1880–1897), and Union Pacific Railroad (Mark I)(UP, 1897–1998). What were the starting points and ending points of the transcontinental railroad? Between 1869 and 1971, Union Pacific operated passenger service throughout its historic "Overland Route." The UP and CP, then, would compete for government generosity, and the line that built the most miles would get the most cash and land. In der Folge stand die Bahngesellschaft kurz vor dem Konkurs. Im Rahmen der Konsolidierung des US-Bahngeschäfts übernahm die UP 1981 die Western Pacific Railroad, die ihre Hauptstrecke von Ogden nach San Francisco/Oakland hatte. The laws were passed as war measures to forge closer ties with California and Oregon, which otherwise took six months to reach. Da die UP östlich von Omaha noch keine eigenen Strecken besaß, wurden die Stromlinienzüge von und nach Chicago zunächst in Kooperation mit der Chicago and North Western Railway (C&NW), ab 30. Both railroad companies battled against their respective obstacles to lay the most miles of track, therefore gaining the most land and money. Branches were opened to mining districts in Montana, Idaho, and Utah and (until 1893) to farmlands in Oregon. The UP's goal was not to make a profit, but rather to build up a permanent clientele of farmers and townspeople who would form a solid basis for routine sales and purchases. European ethnics comprised half of the population of Nebraska in the late 19th century. The Green River was bridged on October 1, 1868—the last big river to cross. The original rail line was built westward 1,006 miles (1,619 km) from Omaha, Nebraska, to meet the Central Pacific, which was being built eastward from Sacramento, California. Mit der Tochtergesellschaft Utah Parks Company begann die Gesellschaft ab 1913 Hotels in den Nationalparks Zion, Bryce Canyon und Grand Canyon zu errichten. Mit Stand 31. first transcontinental railroad in North America, First Transcontinental Railroad § Union Pacific Route, Denver Pacific Railway and Telegraph Company, Learn how and when to remove this template message, History of rail transport in the United States, "Mormon workers on UP transcontinental tracks", "Parallel Tracks, Same Terminus: The Role of Nineteenth-Century Newspapers and Railroads in the Settlement of Nebraska", "Ethnic group settlement on the Great Plains", "Union Pacific Railroad Acquires Big Boy Locomotive No. Die Wirtschaftskrise 1893 sowie ein schon vorher schlechtes wirtschaftliches Ergebnis, durch ein hohes Transportaufkommen bei gleichzeitig ruinösen Tarifen, sorgten dafür, dass die UP genau wie eine Vielzahl konkurrierender Bahngesellschaften Konkurs anmelden musste. The rest included a profit of about $13–16 million to the owners, possibly several million dollars in bribes to Congressman and especially heavy discounts in the sale of bonds of a railroad that most investors thought would never make a profit. [19], The tracks reached Ogden on March 27, 1869; then skirted north of the Great Salt Lake to Brigham City and Corinne, Utah, before finally connecting with the Central Pacific Railroad at Promontory Summit in Utah territory on May 10, 1869.[20][21]. After Gould's death, the Union Pacific Railway slipped and declared bankruptcy during the Panic of 1893. Das neu gebildete Konsortium, das vor allem aus Anteilseignern der bevorrangigten Hypothekenbriefe und weiteren Anleihenehmern bestand, ersteigerte am 1. Starting in 1873, the railroad traffic crossed the river over the new 2,750 feet (840 m) long, eleven span, Union Pacific Missouri River Bridge to Omaha, Nebraska.) Restored in 1981, it operated in excursion service until being taken out of service in 2010. Its independent construction company, the Crédit Mobilier, had bribed congressmen. In diesem Artikel oder Abschnitt fehlen noch folgende wichtige Informationen: Es fehlt noch ein großer Teil der Geschichte, Fahrzeugpark auch sollte es zu so einer Bahngesellschaft entsprechende Fach- und weiterführende Literatur geben, Chief Executive Officer und Chairman der Union Pacific Railroad, Liste von UP-Lokomotiven mit Sonderlackierung, Hinkle Locomotive Service and Repair Facility, Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad, Aristatek: Chlorine Rail Car Incident (Juni 2004), https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Union_Pacific_Railroad&oldid=206052167, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, Interimspräsident vom 24. Home Science Math History Literature Technology Health Law Business All Topics Random. Sie ging über an die Utah Central Railroad und die Utah and Northern Railway. November 2020 um 13:26 Uhr bearbeitet. The Panic of 1873 another financial crisis, led to financial troubles but not bankruptcy. Farmers could also homestead land, getting it free from the federal government after five years, or even sooner by paying $1.50 an acre. März 1868, ab 1. 3985's next stop - Trains Magazine - Trains News Wire, Railroad News, Railroad Industry News, Web Cams, and Forms", "A History of the Northern Securities Case", "Kansas Conflict: Populist Versus Railroader in the 1890s", "Riding the Transcontinental Rails: Overland Travel on the Pacific Railroad 1865–1881", "Guidebook of the Western United States, Part B. The strike collapsed in September, and union membership collapsed.[33]. When did Pacific Railway in Nebraska end? There was little expansion 1910–1980 but after that the UP system grew to over 32,000 miles of track with large lines like the Southern Pacific, the Missouri Pacific Railroad and the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad becoming part of the UP system as well as smaller ones. [5] The original UPRR was entangled in the Crédit Mobilier scandal, exposed in 1872. During the winter of 1865–66, former Union General John S. Casement, the new Chief Engineer, assembled men and supplies to push the railroad rapidly west. Ein Jahr später wurde die große Southern Pacific Railroad inklusive ihrer Tochter St. Louis Southwestern Railway (Cotton Belt) dem Omaha Empire angegliedert. The Central Pacific laid 690 miles (1,110 km) of track, starting in Sacramento, and the Union Pacific laid 1,087 miles (1,749 km) of track, starting in Omaha. Wall Street speculator Jay Gould (1836–1892) took control of the UPRR in 1874, as well as the smaller Kansas Pacific Railway based in Kansas City. Eigentümerin ist die Union Pacific Corporation. 1906 erzielte ein Sonderzug für Harriman von Oakland, Kalifornien, nach New York City mit 71 Stunden und 27 Minuten einen 28 Jahre lang gültigen Rekord für die kürzeste Fahrzeit zwischen West- und Ostküste der USA. He tried to incorporate it into a vast western system but the Supreme Court blocked his attempts as monopolistic. We provide a critical link in the global supply chain by linking 23 states in the western two-thirds of the country by rail. On December 31, 1925 UP-OSL-OWRN-LA&SL-StJ&GI operated 9,834 route-miles and 15,265 track-miles. Public support for the strike fell away. Burton Folsom, in The Myth of the Robber Barons, separates entrepreneurs of this time into two groups; the political entrepreneurs and the market entrepreneurs. It was retired in 2020 and now remains stored in Cheyenne.[40]. The original company, Union Pacific Rail Road (UPRR), was created and funded by the federal government by Pacific Railroad Acts of 1862 and 1864. The UPRR itself was not guilty but it did get bad publicity. The original Union Pacific reached the new railroad town of Cheyenne in December 1867, having laid about 270 miles (430 km) that year. Winter and spring caused severe problems as the Missouri River froze over in the winter; but not well enough to support a railroad track plus train. 4014", "Accident Investigation Report HQ-2007-29", "Union Pacific No. Its management was noted for many feuds and high turnover. Then came the grading party with plows and shovels. April 1898 die Hauptstrecke zwischen Omaha und Ogden, die Missouri-Brücke in Omaha und die Strecken der früheren Kansas Pacific. Although the railroad got off to a good start, a team of magnates, so-called the Big Four¹, were eyeing the growing company. It did not begin in Omaha, that is a wrong fact. To speed up construction as much as possible, Union Pacific contracted several thousand Mormon workers to cut, fill, trestle, bridge, blast and tunnel its way down the rugged Weber River Canyon to Ogden, Utah ahead of the railroad construction. Mit dieser Fusion wurde die Gesellschaft zur „Union Pacific Railway“ umbenannt. Zugleich beschaffte die Union Pacific mit den Reihen 3900 „Challenger“ und 4000 „Big Boy“ Dampflokomotiven, die zu den größten und stärksten der Welt zählten. UPRR remained under partial federal control until the 1890s. Aber auch kleinere Vergehen wie Graffiti, Sachbeschädigung, unbefugtes Betreten von Eisenbahngelände, und Vermögensdelikte wie Betrug und Diebstahl zählen zu ihren Aufgabenbereichen. The government kept every other section of land, so it also had 12,800 acres to sell or give away to homesteaders. In late 1866, General Grenville M. Dodge was appointed Chief Engineer on the Union Pacific; Casement continued to work as chief construction boss and his brother Daniel Casement continued as financial officer. He, therefore, vetoed the civil engineers who wanted to use the otherwise highly attractive South Pass route in Wyoming. Mit dem im Februar 1934 in Dienst gestellten dreiteiligen Triebwagen M-10000 „City of Salina“ führte die Union Pacific als erste Eisenbahngesellschaft in Nordamerika einen Stromlinienzug mit Dieseltraktion ein. It was reorganized in 1863 into the Union Pacific Railway Company, Eastern Division. April 1892 in diese „Ehrenposition“ ernannt. Durch den Bau einer Bahnstrecke von Ogden aus verschaffte sich die Bahngesellschaft einen eigenen Zugang zum Pazifik in Portland (Oregon). Named passenger trains once operated by Union Pacific include the following: Presidents of all four incarnations of the Union Pacific Railroad:[citation needed], Alone among modern railroads, UP maintains a small fleet of historic locomotives for special trains and hire in its Cheyenne, Wyoming, roundhouse. Jay Gould stieg in das Unternehmen ein und es gelang ihm durch organisatorische Verbesserungen und Rationalisierungen, die Wirtschaftlichkeit des Unternehmens zu verbessern. Die Führung der Union Pacific war 1872 in einen Skandal um Bestechungen und Verschiebungen der Baugelder über ein Tarnunternehmen verwickelt (Crédit Mobilier of America). In addition to the historic fleet outlined above kept by UP itself, a large number of UP locomotives survive elsewhere. The idea for what became the Transcontinental Railroad began long before the Civil War's outbreak. The Atlantic and Pacific Railroad was a U.S. railroad that owned or operated two disjointed segments, one connecting St. Louis, Missouri with Tulsa, Oklahoma, and the other connecting Albuquerque, New Mexico with Southern California.It was incorporated by the U.S. Congress in 1866 as a transcontinental railroad connecting Springfield, Missouri and Van Buren, Arkansas with California. The original UPRR 1,087 miles (1,749 km) of track started in Council Bluffs, Iowa. We invite you to explore how the nation’s largest railroad came to be and how UP continues to build America with innovation and tenacity, touching the lives of nearly every citizen. It reached the Arizona border in 1877, and in 1883 it was joined to other railroads built west from New Orleans , Louisiana, across Texas and New Mexico . Interstate 80 now follows nearly the same route. The history of the Union Pacific Railroad stretches from 1862 to the present. 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