Some sources state that Sufism is the inner dimensions of the teachings of Muhammad whereas others say that Sufism emerged during the Islamic Golden Age from about the 8th to 10th centuries. Unfortunately, the world is divided into so many different races, religions, casts etc whereas Sufis’ message is devoid of … Some volumes for further reading on Sufism include: From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, O.Tarin, 'Some Basic Sufi Practices: An Introduction', in. Sufism or tasawwuf, as it is called in Arabic, is generally understood by scholars and Sufis to be the inner, mystical, or psycho-spiritual dimension of Islam. The inner dimension requires presence of heart. In every nation and community there have been Sufis, although they have taken different names and adopted varying practices. The way is to first destroy the difference or the duality that exists between God and man by destruction of the self or the ego. The practitioners of Sufism are called Sufis, and they follow a variety of spiritual practices, many of which were influenced by the tradition of Yoga in India.In this post, I’ll explore the several types of Sufi meditation techniques. There are some Muslim schools of thought, such as the Wahhabi for example, who oppose Sufism because they feel it obliterates the difference between God and man and bypasses the common method of salvation as prescribed by their interpretations of Sharia. Many scholars of Islam and Sufism believe that Sufism is all about internalisation of Islam that includes such practices as recitation, meditation, and other ritualistic activities. Almost all existing Sufi orders today trace their roots and chain of transmission (silsila) back to Muhammad, via one of these orders. Ibn Khaldun the 14th Century Arab historian described Sufism as: “... dedication to worship, total dedication to Allah most High,… [3] In order to be one with God, you have to destroy your idea of yourself, or your ego. Visiting spiritual places and associating with people who encourage the avoidance of sin and striving in the way of God. Recitation of the daily prayers, (Salat) is a basic principle of Sufism and a pillar of Islam. Even Sikhism preached by Guru Nanak was highly inspired by Islamic mysticism (tasawwuf) due to its emphasis on monotheism and rejection of caste system and idol worship. Sufism seeks to educate people so that they will set their hearts on God and burn with love for Him. As a result, we often see a great deal of misunderstanding and conflict regarding Sufism and Sufic practices. Sufism in Islam is quite simply the esoteric part of the faith, and an exoteric without an esoteric is a shell with no substance. Never forgetting that salvation is possible only through certainty of or conviction in the truth of religious beliefs and conduct, sincerity or purity of intention, and the sole desire to please God. It is also claimed by some scholars that Sufism means emulation of the life of Muhammad, and striving to be exactly as Muhammad was. Sufis touch the inner and outer worlds and realize that our human form connects earth to heaven. Sufism welcomes all human beings equally and its basic theme is humanity. Firstly, the message of Sufism addresses all people, and not just the followers of one religion. Someone who practices Sufism is called a Sufi, and may be a Dervish or a Fakir. Sufism is more accurately described as an aspect or dimension of Islam. You can be misguided in many ways but the path to guidance is only one (Sirat e Mustaqeem or Path of the Prophets). There is nothing called Sufism or Sufi Islam. Sufism, known as tasawwuf in the Arabic-speaking world, is a form of Islamic mysticism that emphasizes introspection and spiritual closeness with God. Rabia Basri was a Sufi known for her love and passion for God, expressed through her poetry. Being content with religiously permitted pleasures, and not taking even a single step toward that which is not permitted. [11] In the past centuries, severe persecution has been carried out by them against the Kharijites, the Ismaili Shia cult (sometimes termed the 'Assassins'), the Ahmadiyya movement and several other groups and individuals with Sufi-like mystical tendencies and practices. The outward dimension includes purification through washing (ablution), and a series of movements and recitations. Kabir Helminski is a sheikh of the Mevlevi Order, which traces its lineage back to Rumi. Giving preference or precedence to the well-being and hap­piness of others. Although there are non-Islamic versions of Sufism too (generally defined as 'Universal Sufism') puritanical and rigid people in Islam tend to view them with considerable hatred and anger. It has been defined as "mystical Islamic belief and practice in which Muslims seek to find the truth of divine love and knowledge through direct personal experience of God." But, for Malik, it’s not the only basis. It contains a lot of brief, yet informative articles about different aspects of Islam. A spiritual person who tries to be like the people of the. [2] They believed in a deeply spiritual and mystical (even 'Platonic') way of life and many of their ways became part of early Sufism.[2]. Sufism is more accurately described as an aspect or dimension of Islam. In terms of discipleship and training, almost all the major Sufi orders are themselves quite willing to take students who are not Muslims.[10]. At first, Sufism only meant making Islam more personal and internal. This story is a pivotal moment for Sufism according to most Islamic authorities, because it is the basis for correct form and practice for Sufi Muslims. During the time of the later Mughal Empire in India, even the early gurus of Sikhism were persecuted by orthodox Islamic mullahs (theologians) since they had chosen to incorporate some of the ideas and poetic verses of the Sufi saint Baba Farid into their holy scriptures. The Sufism of the early period of Muslim history was quite distinct from later trends. A traveler to the peak of true humanity who has been freed from carnal turbidity and all kinds of human dirt to realize his or her essential, heavenly nature and identity. As for its appearance as theoretical and practical discipline as it is known today, however, Sufism was systematized for the first time in the second century after the Hegira; that is the Blessed Prophet’s -upon him blessings and peace- emigration from Mecca to Medina in 622 A.D. Being able to discern what is in the hearts or minds of oth­ers through facial expressions and the inner, Divine mysteries and the meanings of surface events. Sufism (also known as Tassawuf) is a group or branch in Islam with a mystic path or system. The roots and practices of Sufism. Sufism is the esoteric path within Islam, where the goal is to purify oneself and achieve mystical union with the Supreme (named Allah in this tradition). However the underlying message and aim of the quest for the love of God is true for all humanity. Acting in accordance with the demands of the Divine Will—not with the demands of our own will—and living in a manner that reflects our self-annihilation in God and subsistence with Him. In its early stages of development Sufism effectively referred to nothing more than the internalization of Islam. Sufism is the mystical dimension of Islam based on the esoteric, or "inner-meaning" of its scripture, namely the Qur'an. Islamic spirituality) and the negative stereotypes that were present in Britain about Islam. The Arabic word tasawwuf (lit. But, for Malik, it’s not the only basis. The Sufi is single in essence; nothing changes him, nor does he change anything. Overflowing with Divine Love and getting along with all other beings in the realization (originating from Divine Love) that the world is the cradle of brotherhood and sisterhood. This is often understood to imply that every phenomenon is an aspect of Truth and at the same time attribution of existence to it is f… Heeding the Divine Speech (the Qur’an), discerning and then obeying the commands of the Divine Power and Will as they relate to the universe (the laws of creation and life). هارة‎, ṭaharah) is an essential aspect of Islam. Harith al-Muhasibi was the first one to write about moral psychology. Being open to love, spiritual yearning, delight, and ecstasy. Sufism is the mystical dimension of the religion of Islam and Sufis represented the inner side of Islamic creed which stresses on self realization, beautification of soul through purity, righteousness and universal love for all. In this way, along with its many benefits, some negative aspects also crept into Sufism. A new journey lies ahead for humanity to travel. This happened with Sufism, too. This is known as fanaa (Arabic, lit: annihilation).Besides various Sufi prayers (which are different for different Sufi orders), one should make it a part of life to remain humble, considerate and indulge only in acts which help one in the quest to control one's desire… It is the opposite... […] Quran was written in the 7th century CE. It consists of a variety of mystical paths that are designed to ascertain the nature of humanity and of God and to facilitate the experience of the presence of divine love and wisdom in the world. Reaching true belief in God’s Divine Oneness and living in accordance with its demands. Sufism already had a long history when some teachers began to set up formal schools or orders (Tarika or Tariqah) in the early Middle Ages. The ancient mystical teachings and practices of the Sufis have great relevance for seekers today and can help you to deepen your spiritual practice or elevate it … Sufism is an entry into exemplary behavior and departure from unworthy behavior. One of these projects is focused on Islam with a particular attention to Sufism. South Asian Islam finds its best expression in Kashmir’s Rishi-Sufi order and its precious gift known in the valley and beyond as Kashmiriyat, of which the Kashmiri people are justly proud. This automatically starts him on the path of fanaa. The Elementary Sufi Course will focus on the fundamentals of Sufism; a detailed introduction to Sufism, its origin and authenticity. 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